Components

For now, Clink is design follow Pipe Line Model, that mean handlers had format look like below:

def handle(req, res, ...):
    pass

However, handler need to shares, accesses shared resources such as database connection, configurations, etc. We avoid to do it though function’s arguments because each time invoke handler, we MUST detect what is resources handler required, where is it, etc. In simple, it take down performance and take up complicated.

Awesome solution is Components. Components is concept includes component, auto creation, depedency solving, and get instances. All of that concept be perform by Injector. For example:

components.py:
from clink.com import Component, Injector, stamp
from clink.type import Request, Response


# this is component
@stamp()
class AccountService(Component):
    def create(self, info):
        print('created:', info)


# this other component
@stamp(AccountService)
class AccountCtl(Component):
    def __init__(self, account_service):
        # this is dependency
        self._account_service = account_service

    # this is component's function
    def create(self, req, res):
        info = req.body
        self._account_service.create(info)


# this is injector
i = Injector()


# add component into injector
i.add_com(AccountCtl)


# this is auto creation, dependency solving
i.load()


# this is getting instances
acc_ctl = i.ref(AccountCtl)


# try call function
req = Request()
res = Response()
req.body = {'name': 'Micheal', 'email': '[email protected]'}
acc_ctl.create(req, res)


# get other instace
acc_sv = i.ref(AccountService)
print(acc_sv)

Test it

$ python components.py
created: {'name': 'Micheal', 'email': '[email protected]'}
<__main__.AccountService object at 0x7f4716069f28>

Component

Component is wrapped context. It puts all of references to dependencies and component’s functions together. So functions can accesses quickly to dependencies.

@com(AccountService) specify that AccountCtl depends on AccountService.

AccountCtl extend from Component to mark that AccountCtl is an component. However, Component doesn’t contains any things.

Auto Creation

Because Component is class, it MUST be create to run. It’s perform automatically by injector. With abow example, during auto creation, an instance of AccountService will pass into first param of AccountCtl.__init__() without handle from developers.

Depedency Solving

@com decorator specify dependencies. During auto creation, dependencies of component will be recursive analyst, create automatically. That is reason why we don’t add AccountService component but we still can get an instance of it.

Get Instances

Access instance of component by type.